History of BDSM

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The term BDSM appeared for the first time in April 1991, around the Internet news forum called alt.sex, as the juxtaposition of two opposing abbreviations, BD (bondage and domination) and SM (sadomasochism), which had actually created, precisely, to distinguish sadomasochism (which enjoyed a known bad image) from the “other” hobbies.

Paradoxically, from the moment in which it is a question of unifying both currents, it is when the subculture that encompasses them begins a vertiginous development.

Given that BDSM is a word that includes very different terms, it is not easy to give it a history beyond the beginning of its use as an acronym, regardless of what corresponds to each of its components.

As a globalizing element, the BDSM has scarce decades of life and it begins when diverse associations of homosexual activists S / M of EE. UU and England try to create the same subcultural space for activities that until then were very different, such as domination, bondage, fetishism or sadomasochism.

It is the age of the Old Guard, in the mid-1970s, and his bedside book is Leatherman’s handbook. During this period, the movement maintains its link with the male homosexual world, without opening up to the spaces of female hetero- or homosexuality and rejecting the idea of ​​admitting ambivalent or switch activists among its ranks, that is, those who confessed comfortable in both roles. They also frontally rejected the admission of those who wanted to consider the B / D and S / M relationships as just a game.

BDSM Sex

It is not until the beginning of the 1980s when the BDSM movement begins to include heterosexual and lesbian culture, being promoters of this substantial change groups like the lesbian collective Samois and others.

At the beginning of the 1990s, what we know today as the period of the New Guard (young or new guard), which is characterized by the decided opening towards the heterosexual world and of female homosexuality, the acceptance of the switch phenomenon, begins the inclusion of elements of inner sensitivity (psychological domination, D / S relations without the inclusion of sadomasochistic features, etc.), the acceptance of those who practiced the game only, and the active participation of heterosexual women in BDSM associationism.

Robert Bienvenu, reputed connoisseur of the subject and professor of sociology at the University of Indiana, United States, presents an alternative vision of the history of BDSM, which he bases on three pillars: the European fetishism of the late 1920s, the American (since 1934), and the leather movement from the 50s.

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